BACKCHANNEL IN THE CASUAL CONVERSATION BY INDONESIAN EFL LEARNERS

Muhammad Rizqy Arifin, Ahmad Sofwan

Abstract


Conversation is form of communication. It is important for people to pay attention to aspects of conversation. Backchannel is one aspect of conversation. This research is aimed to describe and explain the types and functions of each backchannel in a conversation. This research adopted a qualitative-descriptive design. The data were collected from recorded casual conversation by two sixth semester students of Undergraduate Program of English Department. The data were analyzed qualitatively by coding, identifying, classifying, tabulating and interpreting the data. The results show that there are 286 turns and 64 utterances found as backchannel with three types: 33 forms of simple, 5 forms of double, and 26 forms of complex. Additionally, the backchannel in this conversation was found to have the following functions: continuer, convergence tokens, engaged response tokens, and information receipt tokens. Both participants appropriately used those backchannels and successfully conducted a conversation in casual style.

Keywords


casual conversation, backchannel, response.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/utns.v0i0.571

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