MEETING THE NEEDS OF ADULT LEARNERS IN AN ELT PROGRAM; SOME BASIC CONSIDERATIONS

Lalu Thohir

Abstract


Different learners have different needs involving personal needs, learning needs and professional needs. In English language learning, learners of different ages have different and various kinds of needs which influence their learning and meeting their needs can lead into the success of learning. Designing and carrying out an ELT program for adult learners with various needs can be problematic. However, diversity of needs of adult learners does not preclude the identification of their common needs which are necessary to consider when designing and carrying out an educational program, such as an ELT program and those common needs can referred to Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and be associated with some assumptions about adult learners. SDT provides three basic psychological needs treated as innate and universal for all human beings, i.e. the needs for competence, autonomy and relatedness. Lindeman‘s five assumptions, Knowles‘ six assumptions and Sell‘s five assumptions provide major generalizations of how adults learn and some implications for a better educational program. Exploring and understanding the needs of adult learners can be beneficial not only for a curricula designer who is in charge of designing abstract and general goals of an ELT program but also for a teacher who is responsible for the instructional plan and process in order to provide more desirable learning experiences for adult learners in an ELT program.

Keywords


adult learners, learner needs, self-determination theory, basic psychological needs, assumptions about adult learners, an ELT program.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/utns.v0i0.565

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