THE FORMULAIC EXPRESSIONS IN THE CONVERSATION MODELS OF BAHASA INGGRIS --WHEN ENGLISH RINGS A BELL FOR THE SEVENTH GRADERS

Dwi Rukmini, Ana Sugiati

Abstract


This article is written based on the study which analyses the formulaic expressions (FEs) available in the conversation models (CMs) of the English textbook, Bahasa Inggris—When English Rings a Bell for the seventh graders published in 2016 by the Ministry of Education and Culture. The aims of the study are to explain the FE categories used in CMs and determine whether the CMs are native like viewed from the frequency of FE uses. The approach of this study is qualitative; the FEs in all CMs are taken as the data and the theory of formulaic expression proposed by Biber (1999) is used as the instrument. The determination of the native-likeness is done by calculating the FE density in every CM. Whereas the parameter used in the one proposed by Erman and Warren (2000) who state that 55% is the native speakers' average FE density both in spoken and written uses therefore 55% is the passing density to state the native-likeness of the CMs. The study results reveal that five FE categories are used; the most frequent category used is inserts followed by lexical bundles, idioms, free combinations of verb + particle, and coordinated binomial phrases. Unfortunately, only six out of eighty-three CMs are native-like.

Keywords


formulaic expressions, conversation model, textbook

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/utns.v0i0.554

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