THE ENFORCEMENT OF SMALL TALK IN CRITICAL PERIOD

Djoko Sutopo

Abstract


Small talk is a potential means to improve learners‘ second language acquisition in producing smart conversation. Yet this relationship between small talk and smart conversation needs further exploration due to the limited number of research on this issue (Colin & Baedeker, 2014). This paper contributes to address such topic by using critical discourse analysis in searching for the pattern of the learner‘s talk and how to turn it to smart conversation. The data of this study is drawn from small talk produced by third grade of elementary school student of Mondial School I recorded. The recorded pattern of the talk is used as a starting point for the analysis and interpretation of the transformation of the learner‘s small talk to smart conversation. The findings and discussion reveal that the subject of the study tends to produce utterances categorized into small talk in responding to questions aimed to bland one-word answers. The answers to the questions aimed to invite the subject to tell stories result in turning small talk to smart conversation.

Keywords


language acquisition, small talk, smart conversation, transformation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/utns.v0i0.552

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