GENDER EMANCIPATION IN MALE-DOMINATED JOBS IN OKKY MADASARI‘S THE YEARS OF THE VOICELESS

Ratna Asmarani

Abstract


The focus of this paper is on the life of the female protagonist who is a poor illiterate Javanese. She is willing to do a backbreaking job and many unconventional jobs for females. The aim of this paper is to analyze the gender emancipation fought for by the Javanese female protagonist in the male-dominated jobs. Besides analyzing the why and how she survives in the male-dominated jobs, this paper also analyzes the kinds of backlash that she finally cannot overcome leading to her losing her mind. Considering that the protagonist is a female, the frame of analysis used is feminist literary criticism. This qualitative analysis is a contextual one. The intrinsic aspects used to base the analysis are character, conflict, and setting. The extrinsic aspects used to support the analysis are the concept of the traditional norms for the Javanese females—stereotypes, roles, jobs—and the concept of backlash. The result shows that the male-dominated jobs are social construction that can be deconstructed by a strong-willed female. However, her success must end because of the social-political backlash that cuts off the thriving early life of her only daughter.

Keywords


gender emancipation, Javanese female, male-dominated jobs, feminist literary criticism, backlash

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