THE STUDY OF GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL ERRORS RESULTING FROM L1 INTERFERENCE FOUND IN ENGLISH COMPOSITIONS MADE BY EIGHT GRADERS OF SMP NEGERI 13 MALANG

Maulida Yuniswati

Abstract


This study is aimed to find out the kinds of lexical and grammatical errors caused by L1 interference or negative transfer of the mother tongue in writing compositions made by eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 13 Malang and the frequency of occurrence of errors. The focus of this study was identifying, describing, and classifying grammatical and lexical errors in students writing. Therefore, descriptive qualitative was considered appropriate for the design of the study. The subjects were 39 eighth grade students in 8A Class in the second semester of 2008-2009 academic years. The instrument used to collect the data was the students‘ writing tasks. The errors found were classified based on the error classification scheme developed by Kwary and Sugiri (2004). The result shows that there 586 errors resulting from L1 interference were found from 78 compositions. Some categories of errors in Kwary and Sugiri (2004) cannot be applied to the data, that is, if clause, embedded question, comparison, conjunction, and word class. No sentences containing those categories of errors found in the data. However, the researcher developed another category of errors that are not mentioned in the classification scheme by Kwary and Sugiri, that is, clause without subject that makes up 2.56% of all errors.

Keywords


L1 Interference, Compositions

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