LEARNING FROM MISTAKES Error Analysis in the English Speech of Indonesian Tertiary Students

Imelda Gozali


This study is part of a series of Classroom Action Research conducted with the aim of improving the English speech of students in one of the tertiary institutes in Indonesia. After some years of teaching English conversation, the writer noted that students made various types of errors in their speech, which can be classified generally into morphological, phonological, and lexical. While some of the errors are still generally acceptable, some others elicit laughter or inhibit comprehension altogether. Therefore, the writer is keen to analyze the more common errors made by the students, so as to be able to compile a teaching material that could be utilized to address those errors more effectively in future classes. This research used Error Analysis by Richards (1971) as the basis of classification. It was carried out in five classes with a total number of 80 students for a period of one semester (14 weeks). The results showed that most of the errors were phonological (errors in pronunciation), while others were morphological or grammatical in nature. This prompted the writer to design simple Phonics lessons for future classes.


rror Analysis, Interlingual Error, Intralingual Error, English Speaking

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