POSITIVE POLITENESS IN COMMISSIVE SPEECH ACT OF OFFERING IN PILKADA DEBATE OF DKI JAKARTA 2017

Aldila Arin Aini, Sumarlam Sumarlam, Dwi Purnanto

Abstract


This research aims to describe how positive politeness strategy of offer and promise is used in commissive sppech act of offering at first session pilkada debate of DKI Jakarta 2017. Politeness strategy which is used in this research is based on Brown and Levinson‘s theory (1987) and the commissive speech act is based on Searle‘s theory (1985). Free considerably technique and note taking technique by Sudaryanto (2015) are used to collecting data. Meanwhile, pragmatics based approach (metode padan pragmatis) by Sudaryanto (1993) and Means-add and heuristics technique by Leech (1993) are used to analyze the data. The result shows that there are 43 data about positive politeness strategy of offer and promise which are used in commissive speech act of offering during first session pilkada debate of DKI Jakarta 2017. From the result, it can be concluded that commissive speech act of offering can help speakers to deliver their utterances politely and pragamtically. It can also help to save speakers‘ face positively or to keep positive image for speakers in society.

Keywords


positive politeness strategy, offer and promise, commissive speech act, offering, first debate, pilkada DKI Jakarta 2017

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